Running a business can be both expensive and stressful. Even though there are a range of different reliefs, allowances and expenses that you are allowed to claim back for the current tax year, it is very important to know what is allowable and what is not allowable. As a general rule of thumb, you can’t claim for personal costs.
What types of expenses are there?
The costs of running a business falls into 3 different categories; capital, business and personal.
Capital – This is the cost of buying, creating or improving a business asset, used to increase profit. For example, the cost of buying a van for your business would fall under capital expenditure. Other examples include buying machinery, technology, fixtures etc.
Business – You can get tax relief for your business costs as long as its not capital expenditure or specifically non-allowable. Examples of specifically non-allowable expenses are the legal costs of buying property, entertaining clients; basically, any payments for non-business costs.
Personal – Private or personal expenditure is what you spend in your day-to-day life, such as wages, costs of goods or services for private use and loan repayments. Private expenditure is non-allowable, and you can’t claim it back.
What am I allowed to claim as self-employed?
You can claim a business expense as long as it:
- Isn’t capital expenditure
- Isn’t non-allowable
- Is wholly and exclusively for business
Here is a list of common expenses:
- Costs of stock
- Travel expenses
- Professional fees
- Finance costs
- Payroll costs
Business expenses vary from business to business so including a complete list of common expenses is almost impossible. Hopefully this brief overview gives you the basic understandings of what is and what is not allowable, enabling you to claim back as much tax as possible. SimpleTax is here to help the self-employed claim all of the deductions and credits they are entitled to!
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