How far back can the taxman go?
Often, the taxman can seem like a shadowy figure, rarely seen or heard until he suspects something isn’t quite right.
If someone is thought to be evading payments – either accidentally or purposely – a tax investigation will be launched to reclaim owed money, and culprits will be subject to HMRC tax investigation penalties for failing to follow the rules.
But why would HMRC visit me? And how far back does a tax investigation go? Here, we answer some of the key questions surrounding a visit from the taxman.
How long does a tax investigation take?
Depending on the complications and the severity of your case, a tax investigation with HMRC can last several months after receiving that first letter. The size of the business also plays a big part, too. Large businesses that are turning over higher amounts usually take much longer to resolve compared to a one-person limited company, for example.
The average time to get to a resolution for one aspect of a taxation in a small case is usually between 3 – 6 months. However, for a full-blown tax investigation, resolution times can extend to as long as 18 months.
Why would HMRC visit me?
Anybody who earns in the UK is required to pay tax. If you’re an employee, your employer will take care of all your payments for you – removing what you owe HMRC from your wages and sending it straight to the taxman (a process known as PAYE).
However, if you earn money outside of regular employment – perhaps you work for yourself, operate your own company, rent out property or make a profit from selling assets – you will need to file a Self Assessment.
The online Self Assessment tax return deadline is 31st January, and your form must be an accurate reflection of your earnings across the previous tax year. For example, earnings between 6th April 2018 and 5th April 2019 must be declared by January 31st 2020. If HMRC believe there are errors or discrepancies, they may launch an investigation into your tax return.
What’s involved in a tax investigation and how far can HMRC go back for tax?
At the start of any tax investigation, HMRC will send a letter informing you that they are looking into your tax submissions. They may do this because they’ve spotted a clerical error, eyed up some inconsistent figures, or received a tip-off from an anonymous source that you may be underpaying.
You’ll be asked to produce several documents during the investigation, including bank statements, invoices, expense receipts and quotes from third parties, all of which can help HMRC determine whether you’ve committed an offence.
So can HMRC investigate closed companies? When it comes to historic cases, HMRC also have the power to reopen previously settled tax returns if an investigation unearths puzzling results. In normal cases, the HMRC tax investigation time limit is 4 years, in which they can go back to claim money from taxpayers.
If someone has been visibly careless (submitting tax returns with mistakes), HMRC can journey back 6 years. For (alleged) deliberate tax avoidance, they can delve into 20 years’ worth of tax returns to find what they’re looking for, so if you’re thinking of closing a limited company and starting a new one, it may be best to reconsider your options.
Use GoSimpleTax software for impeccable Self Assessment returns
Tax investigations are stressful and costly, often resulting in hefty financial penalties and even convictions in worst-case scenarios.
That’s why it’s so important to be 100% accurate on your Self Assessment tax return and keep the taxman happy. If you make accurate tax return submissions, on time every year, you’re unlikely to be subject to any type of scrutiny.
GoSimpleTax software is designed to help you create HMRC-friendly tax returns that are sent to the right place at the right time. Sample our free trial today and get your forms fired off before the Self Assessment tax return deadline on 31st January 2020.
Last updated on 5th November 2019.