21 things landlords should know about Making Tax Digital for Income Tax (MTD for ITSA)

Making Tax Digital is an important government initiative that has already began to transform how people and businesses keep financial records and report tax-related data to (UK tax authority) HMRC. The government says it is introducing…

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Last Updated: 1st March 2022   |   Created: 1st March 2022

Making Tax Digital is an important government initiative that has already began to transform how people and businesses keep financial records and report tax-related data to (UK tax authority) HMRC.

The government says it is introducing Making Tax Digital to make it easier for people and businesses to manage their tax affairs and “get their tax right”. HMRC believes that digitising the UK tax system through Making Tax Digital will help to prevent avoidable mistakes that are believed to cost many billions of pounds a year in lost tax revenue.

Making Tax Digital is being phased in over several years and it’s already impacted VAT, with Income Tax and Corporation Tax due to follow. There are significant implications for those who pay Income Tax via Self Assessment, including landlords with taxable income of more than £10,000 a year. So, if you’re among them, what do you really need to know about Making Tax Digital for Income Tax Self Assessment (MTD for ITSA)?

When will MTD for Income Tax Self Assessment be introduced?

1. MTD for ITSA was due to be introduced from 6 April 2023, but the government has put this back until 6 April 2024, because of COVID-19 and following stakeholder feedback which called for my time.

2. So, unless the government extends the deadline again, you must comply with MTD for ITSA requirements from 6 April 2024 if your taxable income is more than £10,000 a year, whether that’s just from rent or rent and self-employment. This applies to rental properties and furnished holiday lets.

3. You must still file a Self Assessment tax return (SA100) for the tax year before you comply with MTD for Income Tax Self Assessment requirements. But once you do, you won’t have to complete a Self Assessment tax return (SA100) each year. 

4. Some have already joined a live pilot for MTD for Income Tax Self Assessment, which is being used for test and development. You may be able to sign up voluntarily now for MTD for Income Tax if:

  • you’re a UK resident
  • you’re registered for Self Assessment as a landlord and
  • your returns and payments are up to date.

5. You can sign up now for your current or next accounting period. Visit government website GOV.UK to sign up for Making Tax Digital for Income Tax.

6. If you need to report income from other sources (eg wages from employment) you can’t currently sign up voluntarily for MTD for ITSA. 

Top Tip: Signing up voluntarily for MTD for Income Tax Self Assessment would enable you to get the necessary software in place and get used to new reporting requirements sooner. An accountant can sign you up for MTD for Income Tax Self Assessment.

Making Tax Digital for ITSA-compliant software                                                                 

7. When fully introduced (or if you join voluntarily), you (or your accountant if they look after your tax affairs) will need to use MTD-compatible software to maintain and report digital records of your rental income and expenses.

8. If you already use software to maintain your financial records, HMRC recommends asking your provider whether their software is or will be MTD-compatible. If not, you’ll need to find out about other options.

9. GOV.UK lists software that is compatible with Making Tax Digital for Income Tax. Making Tax Digital for Income Tax-compatible software can:

  • maintain business records as required by the regulations
  • prepare and send quarterly updates and end-of-period statements using information maintained in your records
  • finalise your business income and submit your declaration after the end of the tax year
  • communicate with HMRC digitally through HMRC’s (application programming interface – API) platform.

10. If you currently maintain financial records in paper form, you’ll need to find an MTD-compatible software alternative and learn to use it instead.

How will the new MTD for ITSA reporting process work?

11. Updating your MTD for ITSA-compliant software records on the transaction date (ie when you pay money out or receive taxable rental income) is recommended or as soon after as possible. You must do it before your quarterly update is submitted for that period.

12. The MTD-compliant software will summarise your figures, which you must send online via your HMRC digital account (you will get up to a month after every quarter end).

13. The MTD-compliant software will show you how much tax you owe based on the information you’ve entered, enabling you to better budget for paying your tax bill.

14. At the end of the tax year, you’ll need to finalise your rental income and submit a final declaration, confirming that the updates you’ve provided are accurate, with any accounting adjustments made.

15. Soon after, you’ll soon receive your tax bill. You must submit your final declaration and pay the tax you owe by 31 January the following tax year. Late-submission/payment fines will apply.

MTD for ITSA: What if I’m a landlord with more than one property or I co-own?

16. You report your earnings and expenses via MTD for ITSA for all of your properties together, you don’t need a digital account for each property. The £10,000 MTD ITSA threshold applies per taxpayer, not per property.

17. If a property is owned by a business partnership you’re a member of, the partnership is responsible for Making Tax Digital compliance, which must be fulfilled by a nominated partner.

18. Quarterly summary information concerning share of the profit (based on ownership) can be pushed to each partner’s digital tax account. When the end-of-year declaration is made, the nominated partner must push each partner’s share of profits to their digital tax accounts. Individual tax liability will then be calculated.

19. In cases of jointly held property, for example, where you own a property for rent with a spouse, partner or family member, each person who has received income from jointly held properties must report that income separately, after registering for Making Tax Digital for Income Tax.

20. If you’re a landlord who doesn’t live in the UK or you’re a UK “non-dom”, MTD for ITSA rules will only apply to rental earnings from UK properties of more than £10,000 a year.

21. If you live in the UK but own property overseas from which you earn more than £10,000 a year in rental income, MTD for ITSA requirements apply. You may be able to claim double tax relief if the rental income is also taxed in the country in which your property is located.

More information about MTD for Income Tax

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Blog content is for information purposes and over time may become outdated, although we do strive to keep it current. It's written to help you understand your Tax's and is not to be relied upon as professional accounting, tax and legal advice due to differences in everyone's circumstances. For additional help please contact our support team or HMRC.

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