There’s potential to make good money as a landlord in Britain, but like any other occupation, owning property makes you subject to taxation – especially if you’re renting it out.
Taxes associated with buy-to-let are often known collectively as “landlord tax”. But what is landlord tax, exactly? And how does it affect you as a property owner? Here’s what you need to know…
Types of landlord tax
When people talk about landlord tax, they could be referring to as many as four different tax types, including Stamp Duty, Income Tax, Capital Gains Tax, and Inheritance Tax.
As a landlord, you need to know about them all, and we explore each in greater detail here.
For every property you purchase, you need to pay a one-off tax known as “Stamp Duty”.
Stamp Duty rates differ depending on the price of the property, with higher-valued buildings carrying higher tax charges.
Stamp Duty is currently valued at 3% for homes worth up to £125,000. If the property is worth more than this, the following rates apply:
5% tax on the portion from £125,001 – £250,000
8% tax on the portion from £250,001 – £925,000
13% tax on the portion from £925,001 – £1.5 Million
15% tax on anything over £1.5 Million
As a buy-to-let landlord, you must declare all rental income you receive on your tax return and send these numbers to HMRC before the Self Assessment tax return deadline. You can, however, by claiming for allowable expenses (i.e. money spent on property upkeep, management fees, mortgage interest, repairs, and insurance.
HMRC request that all landlords keep the income and expenses related to all properties for a minimum of six years so once a tax year is over.
Capital Gains Tax
Capital Gains Tax is charged at either 18% or 28% of the total profit, depending on how much you’ve made.
It is often possible to reduce Capital Gains Tax by listing expenses you’ve incurred in buying, selling or enhancing the property (legal fees, advertising fees, stamp duty, estate agent fees) in your Self Assessment tax return.
If you end up becoming a landlord after inheriting property as part of an estate, you may still need to pay tax.
When the estate is worth more than £325,000, inheritance tax is charged at 40%.
Tax software for landlords
There are many tax elements to deal with when it comes to the property sector. When you’re a landlord, it’s imperative to keep these affairs in order so the taxman stays happy.
SimpleTax tax software doesn’t just perform all the tax calculations for you, it also lets you submit these figures directly to HMRC in the right format. Try it right now by signing up to our . If you have any questions, simple head over to our . Our team will be delighted to help.